The North Atlantic Council (NAK) is NATO`s main political decision-making body. Each member country has an AK seat. It occurs at least once a week or whenever the need occurs at different levels. The Presidency is chaired by the Secretary-General, who helps members reach agreement on key issues. If Kim Jong-un sincerely wants to transform North Korea, the United States and South Korea should do everything in their power to help him. Both the suspension of the rOK-U.S. the combined military exercises and the extension of buffer zones between two Koreas are useful in that they give the North Korean regime and its people the certainty that neither the United States nor the South is to be feared. South Korea wants to see signals from North Korea that it is becoming a more normal state with a normal type of leadership. Helping the North feed its people and provide them with a better standard of living is not to save Kim`s face; it is an essential part of the standardization process. Yes, social and political freedoms are also essential, but they will not come tomorrow. Many other questions will have an impact on the implementation of the agreement: how to achieve North Korean denuclearization? when operational control will be transferred from USFK to South Korea during the war; how to ensure civilian control of the military in response to changing political and social conditions in South Korea; how conventional arms reductions between the two Koreas, taking into account comparative GDP, population, economic structure and future threat perception, can end. Of course, the geopolitical context should not be overlooked – the Korean peace initiative must be supported, or at least not rejected, by China, Russia and Japan. Military alliances are linked to collective security systems, but may be different in nature.
A U.S. State Department memorandum of the early 1950s explained the difference by suggesting that alliances were historically intended to « advance the respective nationalist interests of the parties and provided for joint military action when one of the parties pursuing such objectives was involved in the war. » A collective security regime « is not directed against anyone; it is exclusively directed against aggression. It is not intended to influence a shift in the « balance of power » but to strengthen the « principle ».  The two Koreas have made remarkable concessions that undermine their current combativeness in the three combat zones: land, sea and air. They pledged to establish so-called peace zones near the NLL and MDL, without military withdrawals or troops being deployed on both sides. In these new buffer zones, artillery exercises with live fire, major maneuvers and new weapons will not be permitted; There will also be no-fly zones, including for unmanned aircraft (UAVs) and common fishing areas crossing the NLL. The existing demilitarized zone (DMZ) extends 2 kilometres on either side of the MDL; the new buffer zones will extend for 5 km. Peace zones based on the NLL will reach 135 km. Near the DMZ, the no-fly zone will be 10 km for helicopters, 15 km for drones and 20 km on the eastern front and 40 km on the western front for flying aircraft.