Vietnam is extremely vulnerable to climate change due to its long crossing of the coastline and numerous estuaries. That is why the country is developing a policy that is committed to taking action to combat climate change. Mitigation objectives and adaptation priorities are formulated in national contributions (NDCs). Vietnam also quickly ratified the Paris Agreement and was one of the first countries to develop an action plan for the concrete implementation of the agreement. This plan sets out specific measures, responsibilities and assistance requirements. However, the country still lacks concrete implementation experience. Vietnam`s Ministry of Mineral Resources and Environment (MONRE) is responsible for inter-ministerial cooperation in the implementation of national climate change targets. Governance and legal issues need to be clarified, not least because vietnam`s internationally communicated climate targets have not yet been incorporated into national or sectoral legislation. Planning for the implementation of the NDC in cities and provinces must also be extended and reflected in national budgets. As the time frames for avoiding the most severe effects of climate change are reduced, it is essential that countries put in place ambitious plans to increase the pace and scale of the transition to a low-carbon, climate-resilient economy. As a cross-cutting advisory project, SPA continuously exchanges information between initiatives, fosters cooperation between stakeholders and creates synergies. In all areas, the project contributes to capacity building by providing advisory services and exchange platforms. It also collects and disseminates knowledge and case studies on climate policy.
An in-depth analysis of current and future reporting rules provides a clear picture of what can be expected from 2020. Particular attention will be paid to the transparency of the NDC process, as mutual trust is not only an essential element in the implementation of the NDCs, but also a fundamental pillar of the Paris Agreement. This is why the publication presents clear recommendations and important steps for policy makers to prepare for new transparency requirements, such as the development of a roadmap for 2024, when the first BTR is due under the NHanced Transparency Framework (ETF). . The New Climate Institute and GIZ have published a guide with recommendations to policy makers on how to reconcile long-term strategies for developing greenhouse gas emissions. The project helps the Vietnamese government define the general conditions necessary for the implementation of the NDCs in accordance with the Paris Agreement. Improved climate legislation should provide the country with a solid foundation for ambitious medium- and long-term climate policy. In the long term, measurable results of mitigation and adaptation will be accompanied by social and environmental changes. The project thus supports the decarbonization of the economy in all areas of life.
The Vietnamese government`s support for the implementation of the Paris Agreement covers five key areas: the report acknowledges that, in order to achieve the Paris climate change agreement target, to keep the global average temperature rise « well below » 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to continue efforts to limit the increase in temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius. , the scientific evidence shows that it will be necessary to achieve zero net net ThG emissions worldwide by 2050. Article 4 of the Paris Agreement calls on the parties to clarify how they will achieve this goal by formulating and communicating long-term strategies for the development of greenhouse gas emissions (LTS) and providing regular five-year updates of countries` national contributions (TDCs).